Canadian Aviation

From the beginning to now

A history

Compiled by Hugh maccallum


The history of aviation in Canada begins with the first manned flight in a balloon at Saint John, New Brunswick . Development of the aviation industry in. Canada was shaped by the interplay of Canadian national ambitions, national and international politics, economics, and technology. (free Wikipedia)

D A T E AIRCRAFT MADECOMPANY & details & (source) START END ? +info 1) Aerial Experiment Association , USA and Halifax,Nova Scotia 30/09/07 31/3/09 Silver Dart (flew over frozen"Bras D’or Lake,[3 Americans + 2 Cdn "Univ of Toronto" engineers got Baddeck,NS Feb 23-24,1909together in Hammondsport(approx 100km south of Rochester,N.Y, USA designed and built 4 heavier than air craft ***** the Silver Dart was built ; dismantled , taken to Baddeck ,re-assembled to fly ****** (Encyclopaedia Britanica ++)After the war WW I, aircraft turned from an expensive novelty into a vital transportation tool, particularly useful in exploration and development of Canada's North. Canadianswho had served with the RAF put their acquired aviation skills to peacetime use. Aviation was applied to the task of tying together far-flung communities in the North, and to gather information on the natural resources of the country. Aircraftwere as important to opening up the North as the railway was to opening the West in the previous century. Between the wars many small airlines were founded, including the ancestors of Air Canada,(the current national carrier), with rapid growth in passenger and air freight traffic. (free Wikipedia)2) 1919 St.Maurice Valley Protective Association,Longueil,PQ was the first to use aircraft for commercial purposes in Canada, which lead to formation of :2 a) Fairchild Aerial Surveys of Canada in 1922 using : Curtis HS-2L’s. Curtis Aircraft built them for the USNavy for anti-submarine warfare (WW I) ; thus deemed excellent for aerial surveys over Canada’s waterways 2 b) Fairchild Aircraft Ltd.(Canada) in Longueuil, Quebec, Canada 1920 1950. Curtis HS-2L - seaplane flying boat , a subsidiary of Fairchild Aircraft ,USA single 'pusher' engine ,bi-plane (US Navy WW I anti-submarine patrol . Canada in 1920’s on forestry patrol & surveys) These craft were in use from Alaska to South America during the 1920’s & 30’s (Fairchild built these under license) <300px-Curtiss_HS-2_NAN10-48.jpg>A Curtiss HS-2L World War II forced more technological development and brought Canadian industry into the vanguard of aircraft manufacture. Canadian airspace and facilities provide training for more than one hundred thousand Commonwealth aircrew, and the wartime facilities supported growing commercial aviation. (free Wikipedia) For WWII , Fairchild built whole airplanes are parts of airplanes often under license <220px-Blenheim_2.jpg>Bolingbroke IVT in the Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum, Brandon, Manitoba2 c) Fairchild Industries Ltd 1945 (Spring)<220px-Husky.JPG>Fairchild F-11-2 on display at the Western Canada AviationMuseum, Winnipeg, Manitoba c. 2007<<< Fairchild Husky (post WWII) “bush plane” —couldn’t compete with the Noorduyn Norsemanonly 12 were built — STOL capable,but underpowered( my photo @ Tahsis dock-1969 is a different one )(free Wikipedia)3) Canadian Vickers Limited , Montreal ,Quebec 1911 1944 subsidiary of Vickers Limited (UK) ) Vedette flying boats (built ships,then in 1923 won a ‘contract to supply’ ) for the new “Canadian Air Force (RCAF) (made 400 from 1923 to 1944) <220px-Vickers_Vedette.jpg>A Vickers Vedette replica at the Western Canada AviationMuseum, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada July 1941 Cdn Gov’t gave contract to Vickers to build PBV-1 Canso ampibians for th RCAF (a version of Consolidated(USA)'s PBY Catalina flying boat)<220px-Pbv-1a_canso_flying_boat_g-pbya_arp.jpg>Canadian Vickers PBV-1A Canso A at RIAT, England in 2009. A version of the PBY-5A Catalina, this aircraft was built in 1944 for the Royal Canadian Air Force ****Canadian Vickers absorbed by Canadair**** 1944 (free Wikipedia)4) Noorduyn Aircraft Limited, Montreal,Quebec ) 1933 Norseman4 a) Noorduyn Aviation ) Robert B.C.Noorduyn 1935 1959 903 were built most were sold outside Canada , used by airforces 1943 to 1959 Flown from high north (Alaska to Norway and south in the Antarctic Some used by Canadian “bush" aircraft companies. Major Civil operators[edit]Huron Air Noorduyn Norseman CF-GSR at Red Lake, Ontario, 2007Buffalo Airways Norseman on floats in Yellowknife, NWT ArgentinaAviación del Litoral Fluvial Argentino CanadaAustin AirwaysBearskin AirlinesBuffalo AirwaysCanadian Airways & Western Canada AirwaysCanadian Pacific AirlinesCentral Northern AirwaysImperial OilLamb AirOntario Provincial AirServiceRoyal Canadian Mounted PoliceSaskatchewan AirAmbulanceSaskatchewan Government AirwaysStarratt Airways NorwayFjellflyNorvingWiderøes Flyveselskap (free Wikipedia)5) Canadian Associated Aircraft Ltd 1938 a consortium of 6 companies incl Fairchild Aircraft building various aircraft for the RAF in WWII“ 6) Boeing Aircraft Co at Sea Island (YVR) 1939 PBY Catalina7) Fleet Aircraft Company of Fort Erie,Ontario (founded by Reuben H.Fleet) 1928 1957 Fleet Finch, Fleet Canuck Consolidated Aircraft Corporation was founded in 1923 by Reuben H. Fleet in Buffalo, NY 1957 , aircraft manufacture ceased. Became Fleet Aerospace, division of Magellan Aerospace until 2003 ; and reopened as FleetCanada. <220px-Fleet16BFinch.jpg>Fleet 16B Finch in the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum Hamilton, Ontario(free Wikipedia)8) Canadair Ltd (absorbed Canadian Vickers) 1944 1986 PBY Canso flying boat nationalized , then in 1986 privatised & became Northstar8 a) Bombardier Aerospace 1986 present 9) National Steel Car Ltd (Hamilton,Ont) 1939 During the Second World War, Victory Aircraft in Malton, Ontario was Canada's largest aircraft manufacturer. Prior to 1939, as a part of National Steel Car Ltd. of Hamilton, the concern had been one of a number of "shadow factories" set up in Canada to produce British aircraft designs in safety.[2] National Steel Car had turned out Avro Anson trainers, Handley Page Hampden bombers, Hawker Hurricanefighters and Westland Lysander army cooperationaircraft. National Steel Car Corporation of Malton, Ontario was formed in 1938 and renamed Victory Aircraft Limited in 1942 when the Canadian government took over ownership and management of main plant.[2] During the Second World War, Victory Aircraft built Avro (UK) aircraft: 3,197 Anson trainers, 430 Lancaster bombers, six Lancastrian, one Lincoln bomber and one York transport. 9 a) 1945, the UK-based Hawker Siddeley Group purchased Victory Aircraft from the Canadian government, creating A.V. Roe Canada the wholly owned Canadian branch of itsaircraft manufacturing subsidiary, UK-based A.V. Roe and Company.[2] Avro Canada began operations in the former Victory plant. Avro Aircraft (Canada), their first (and, at the time, only) division, turned to the repair and servicing of a number of Second World War-era aircraft, including Hawker Sea Furyfighters, North American B-25 Mitchell and Avro Lancaster bombers.[2]From the outset, the company invested in research and development and embarked on an ambitious design program with a jet engine and a jet9 b) AVRoe(CANADA) Malton,Ontario 1945 1962 CF-100 Canuck C102 Jetliner CF-103 C104 Advanced Fighter CF-105 Arrow Mk.1 and Mk.2 (axed Feb !959) (free Wikipedia) 10) De Havilland Canada Downsview(Toronto),Ontario 1928 DH.82 Tiger Moth (1747 built) (privatised by Cdn Gov’t in 1980’s) DHC-1 Chipmunk DHC-2 Beaver DHC-3 Otter DHC-4 Cariboo DHC-5 Buffalo DHC-6 Twin Otter DHC-7 Dash 7 DHC-8 Dash10 a) sold to Boeing , Seattle,Wa. USA 1986 1988 Boeing was in heavy competition with Airbus Industrie for a series of new airliners for Air Canada, at that time a Canadian Crown corporation. Boeing used the DHC purchase to further strengthen their commitment to their shared production contracts. The contract was particularly contentious. When Air Canada announced that Airbus had won the contract in 1988, amid claims of bribery, Boeing immediately put DHC up for sale, placing the company in jeopardy. 10 b) acquired by Bombardier , Montreal 1992 Dash 8 models 100 , 200, 300, Q-400Despite the transfer of its light aircraft certificates to a new owner, de Havilland Canada has left a legacy of innovative and unique aerospace designs and its products are still flying in considerable numbers worldwide,[10] and it has become a productive member of the Bombardier Aerospace stable. The Downsview plant still turns out civil propeller aircraft, and the facility maintains thousands of employees.(free wikipedia) 11) Viking Air Sidney,BC, 2006 DHC-6 Twin Otter 24 February 2006, Viking Air of Victoria purchased the type certificates from Bombardier Aerospace for all the original De Havilland designs[9] including:DHC-1 Chipmunk , DHC-2 Beaver , DHC-3 Otter , DHC-4 Caribou , DHC-5 Buffalo , DHC-6 Twin Otter , DHC-7 Dash 7The ownership of the certificates gives Viking the exclusive right to manufacture new aircraft; previously, Viking had purchased in May 2005 the right to manufacture spares and distribute de Havilland heritage aircraft product line.[2] (free Wikipedia)